Originally Posted by RealNC
VDPAU is for MPEG video (mostly H.264 and VC1.) I don't think Theora is supposed to work. So try with an MPEG video instead?
Only the hardware decoding functionality is specific to particular codecs. VDPAU also includes other functionality like converting colorspaces from YUV to RGB and displaying bitmaps on screen. The latter functionality can be used with any video with software decoding.